Vitamin E is a vitamin that dissolves in fat. It is found in many foods including vegetable oils, cereals, meat, poultry, eggs, fruits, vegetables, and wheat germ oil. It is also available as a supplement.. The American Heart Association recommends obtaining antioxidants, including vitamin E, by eating a well-balanced diet high in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains rather than from supplements until more is known about the risks and benefits of taking supplements.
Also known as vitamin H, biotin is one of the B complex vitamins that help the body convert food into energy. B vitamins, and specifically biotin, help keep your skin, hair, eyes, liver, and nervous system healthy. Biotin is also a crucial nutrient during pregnancy, as it’s important for embryonic growth. There have been many claims that getting more biotin can regulate your blood sugar, promote healthy hair, skin, and nails, and help pregnant moms have healthier babies.
Vitamin A is involved in immune function, vision, reproduction, and cellular communication. Vitamin A is critical for vision. Vitamin A also supports cell growth and differentiation, playing a critical role in the normal formation and maintenance of the heart, lungs, kidneys, and other organs.
Vitamin C is a vitamin. Good sources of vitamin C are fresh fruits and vegetables specially citrus fruits. Most experts recommend getting vitamin C from a diet high in fruits and vegetables rather than taking supplements. Fresh-squeezed orange juice or fresh-frozen concentrate are good sources. Historically, vitamin C was used for preventing and treating scurvy. These days, vitamin C is most commonly used for preventing and treating the common cold.
Folic acid is a synthetic, water-soluble vitamin used in supplements and fortified foods. It’s a man-made version of folate, a naturally occurring B vitamin found in many foods. Your body can’t make folate, so it must be obtained through dietary intake. Synthesized folic acid differs structurally from folate and has slightly different biological effects in the body. That said, both are considered to contribute to an adequate dietary intake. Folic acid is added to foods like flour, ready-to-eat breakfast cereals, and bread. Folic acid is also sold in concentrated form in dietary supplements.
Vitamin B2, or riboflavin, is one of eight B vitamins that are essential for human health. It can be found in grains, plants, and dairy products. It is crucial for breaking down food components, absorbing other nutrients, and maintaining tissues. People need to consume vitamin B2 every day, because the body can only store small amounts, and supplies go down rapidly. Riboflavin occurs naturally in some foods, added to others, and it can be taken as supplements.
Vitamin D IS a fat-soluble vitamin in a family of compounds that includes vitamins D-1, D-2, and D-3. Vitamin D has several important functions. Perhaps the most vital are regulating the absorption of calcium and phosphorus, and facilitating normal immune system function. Getting a sufficient amount of vitamin D is important for normal growth and development of bones and teeth, as well as improved resistance against certain diseases.