Zinc is an essential mineral that is naturally present in some foods, added to others, and available as a dietary supplement. Zinc also supports normal growth and development during pregnancy, childhood, and adolescence and is required for proper sense of taste and smell. A daily intake of zinc is required to maintain a steady state because the body has no specialized zinc storage system.
Calcium is a nutrient that all living organisms need, including humans. It is the most abundant mineral in the body, and it is vital for bone health. It is also necessary for maintaining healthy communication between the brain and other parts of the body. It plays a role in muscle movement and cardiovascular function.
Iron is a mineral vital to the proper function of hemoglobin, a protein needed to transport oxygen in the blood. Iron also has a role in a variety of other important processes in the body. Iron promotes healthy pregnancy, increased energy, and better athletic performance. Canned clams, fortified cereals, and white beans are the best sources of dietary iron.
Phosphorus is the second most plentiful mineral in your body. Your body needs phosphorus for many functions, such as filtering waste and repairing tissue and cells.. Phosphorus levels that are too high or too low can cause medical complications, such as heart disease, joint pain, or fatigue.
Potassium is a mineral found in the foods you eat. It’s also an electrolyte. Electrolytes conduct electrical impulses throughout the body. They assist in a range of essential body functions, including: blood pressure, normal water balance, muscle contractions, nerve impulses, digestion, heart rhythm, pH balance (acidity and alkalinity).
Sodium helps with the function of nerves and muscles. It also helps to keep the right balance of fluids in your body. Your kidneys control how much sodium is in your body.
Magnesium is an important mineral, playing a role in over 300 enzyme reactions in the human body. Its many functions include helping with muscle and nerve function, regulating blood pressure, and supporting the immune system. Many people in the United States do not get enough magnesium in their diet, though deficiency symptoms are uncommon in otherwise healthy people. Almonds, spinach, and cashew nuts are some of the foods highest in magnesium.